Fifth Grade Curriculum

THE FIFTH GRADE EXPERIENCE:

  • Awakens the student to the pleasures of learning
  • Promotes positive social interactions
  • Develops self-reliance and stamina
  • Fosters good study and work habits
  • Encourages the child achieve independent thinking
  • Requires increased ownership of responsibility
  • Provides security in learning
  • Supports individual development and learning style
  • Nurtures and develops the whole child

LITERATURE:

  • A Long Way From Chicago
  • Wind in the Willows
  • Robin Hood

READING:

  • Greek Mythology: Comprehension Techniques                  
  • Phonics using the Carden advanced vowel chart
  • Reading fluency
  • Comprehension development
  • Acquisition and use of vocabulary
  • Locate information within text
  • Reading Comprehension: in literature groups, science and social studies
  • Reading comprehension in independent reading
  • Identifying Episodes
  • Identify introductions, episodes, and conclusions
  • Evaluate, analyze and paraphrase material
  • Author’s theme and purpose for writing
  • Monthly Book Reports

LANGUAGE ARTS:

  • Parts of Speech: noun (singular, plural, proper, pronoun, compound), verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, adverbial phrase, adjectival clause, predicate adjectives, predicate nominative, adverbs of degree
  • Punctuation: period, question mark, exclamation mark, comma, semi colon, colon, quotation mark, abbreviations, apostrophe, contractions
  • Sentence Patterns and Structure: who, doing, what, where, when, why, how.
  • Sentence Diagramming: subject and predicate, verb agreement
  • Verb Conjugation: present and past, regular and irregular verbs, progressive form, present and past perfect using the past participle, future tense, negative statement, interrogative statement
  • Vocabulary: taken from all curriculum areas
  • Dictionary Marks and Syllabication
  • Synonym, Antonym, Homophone, Homograph
  • Simile and Metaphor
  • Advanced Carden Vowel Chart
  • Dictionary and Glossary Use

WRITING:

  • Sentences, Paragraphs, and Essays:  topic and detail sentences, organizing writing
  • The Writing Process—Prewrite, Write, Revise, Edit, Publish
  • Writing Traits—Ideas, Organization, Voice, Word Choice, Sentence Fluency, Conventions, Presentation
  • Forms of Writing—Descriptive, Narrative, Expository, Persuasive, Response to Literature, Creative, Research

SPELLING and DICTATION:

  • Phonics Based Using Carden Vowel Chart and Spelling Rules
  • Study of American history
  • Punctuation: period, capitals, question marks, exclamation point, commas
  • Sentence Analysis
  • Vocabulary building with keywords and titles
  • Multi-paragraph writing

MATHEMATICS:

  • Whole numbers (and terms of each operation)
  • Addition, subtraction, multiplication, long division, rounding, fact families
  • Place Value to billions
  • Negative numbers (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division)
  • Order of Operations
  • Fractions: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, reducing and simplifying, mixed  numbers to improper fractions and vice versa, prime and composite numbers, LCD / GCF
  • Probability and Statistics: collect and organize data, tree diagrams, independent and dependent events, range, mean, median, mode, line plots, histograms, line graphs, circle graphs
  • Decimals: to thousandths, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division
  • Converting Percentages to Fractions and Decimals: base, rate, percentage
  • Exponents
  • Geometry: perimeter, area, volume, surface area, angles, polygons, congruent and similarfigures, triangle, quadrilaterals, circles, circumference, symmetry, tessellations
  • Measurement: Customary and metric units of length, capacity, weight, mass, temperature
  • Pre-Algebra: expressions, variables, properties, integers, coordinates, function tables
  • Sets, subsets
  • Problem Solving Strategies: make a table or list, write an equation, more than one solution, use  a diagram or graph, work backward, use logical reasoning, more than one step, find a pattern, use a drawing or model, simplify numbers, combine strategies, interpret a remainder

SCIENCE:

  • Life Science: classifying plants and animals, energy from plants, ecosystems, changes in ecosystems, systems in the human body
  • Earth Science: water cycle and weather, hurricanes and tornados, minerals and rocks, changes to Earth’s surface, using natural resources
  • Physical Science: properties of matter, heat, electricity and magnetism, sound and light, objects in motion, simple machines
  • Space and Technology:  Earth’s cycle, inner and outer planets, effects of technology
  • Science Camp
  • Individual Science Fair Projects

SOCIAL STUDIES:

  • Focus: The United States
  • Americans and Our Environment: government, decision making, history, landforms, climate, natural resources
  • Culture West and East: Maya, Aztec, Anasazi, Native American regions, Asian Emperors and traders, African kingdoms, Europe’s age of exploration
  • Contact and Exploration: Europeans come to America, explorers and conquerors, Spanish, early European settlements, Northwest Passage, Jamestown and Plymouth colonies
  • Colonization and Conflict: Thirteen Colonies, economy in the colonies, free enterprise, slavery, Spanish Missions, cowboys, French in North America, French and Indian War
  • Independence and New Government: Breaking ties with England, American Revolution, the Constitution
  • Expansion and Change: A young United States, Thomas Jefferson, Andrew Jackson, Industrial revolution, war with Mexico, westward movement
  • Slavery and Emancipation: divided country, Civil War, Reconstruction
  • Immigration and Industry: the West changes, plains wars, big business, cities grow, expansion, Theodore Roosevelt
  • Peace and Prosperity: World Wars, roaring twenties, Great Depression, Cold War, civil rights
  • Canada and Latin America: countries of the Western hemisphere
  • State Report

GEOGRAPHY:

  • Using Globes: hemispheres, equator, latitude, longitude, parallel, meridian, prime meridian, continents, oceans
  • Using Maps: cardinal and intermediate directions, compass rose, scale, symbols, keys, locator maps, political maps, physical maps, relief maps, elevation maps, road maps, historical maps, time zone maps

FRENCH:

  • Students continue textbook from grade 4: Discovering French 1
  • Students will be able to conjugate the verbs ‘avoir’, ‘etre’ , as well as all regular –er verbs
  • They will make a statement negative, both orally and in writing
  • Students can form a yes/no question, both orally and in writing
  • They should know idiomatic avoir expression, vocabulary related to family, descriptive and possessive adjectives and vocabulary related to sports.
  • A simple paragraph can be composed and written correctly

MANDARIN:

Textbooks and workbooks are from New Concept Chinese (book3) and Lang Lang Chinese (starter). The curriculum will use simplified Characters and Pinyin (Traditional character and Bo-Po-Mo also available according to the needs of the child).

  • Read and write  50 Chinese characters (direct Chinese character recognition)
  • Use Mandarin in daily conversation, such as greeting with people, numbers (1-100), body parts, date and days, weather, seasons, colors
  • Complete daily exercise or homework
  • Enhance academic, cognitive and communication skills
  • Understand intercultural and global awareness
  • Enrichment activities such as Chinese cultural education, arts, chants, songs, stories, rhymes and role play will be incorporated.

ART:

The artist Pablo Picasso is introduced. We study his style of work, and also create an example of his work in his cubist style. Fifth graders will work with drawing the human figure in different forms, including realistic and cartoon. They also study the proportions of the human body in detail. Students will work in color, black and white. They will utilize negative and positive space. Their new learned skills in observation will be exercised in landscape drawing as well. Scratchboard will be introduced.

MUSIC:

  • General Music and theory
  • Sight singing
  • Song flutes
  • Mozart (the adult)
  • Prepare vocal selections
  • Gustav Holst (orchestral suite The Planets) parallels the study of the planets in Science

TECHNOLOGY:

  • Continue to work on similar tools from Fourth grade
  • Work on keyboarding, and MSOffice tools to create a document, presentation and spreadsheet
  • Review rules to use the Internet in a safe and efficient manner
  • Practice creating 3-D pictures using Google Sketch-Up and continue using other other 2-D software for graphics
  • Continue to work on Scratch
  • Be introduced to exercises on computational thinking

Fifth graders are issued iPads for use in the classroom. The classroom teacher will introduce learning apps, videos, presentations, interactive quizzes and documentation to enhance what is taught in the classroom. Students with different styles of learning and understanding will be able to use the IPads to their advantage. Teachers can also individualize teaching when necessary. Students will also use readily available tools such as the dictionary, calculator, camera and more.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION:

  • Students will continue to perform physical fitness activities developed in previous grades.
  • Movement concepts: explain the difference between offense and defense; creating and maintaining space between an offensive player and a defensive player; importance of open space in sport-related games
  • Demonstrate knowledge of sports rules through game participation
  • Demonstrate good sportsmanship and encouragement of others in all activities
  • Muscular Strength/Endurance: increase aerobic exercise; run the mile; increase muscular endurance by doing various strength training exercises; benefits of having strong muscles; determine intensity of personal physical activity
  • Group Dynamics: using the teams skills and strategy to reach a common goal
  • Participate in team sports and activities
  • Game play and knowledge of rules: soccer, basketball, volleyball, football, hockey, badminton, dodgeball, and handball
  • Perform the Presidential Physical Fitness Test
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